Neolithic Bone Flutes

The use of musical instruments, such as clay flutes and bone whistles, has been traced back to the earliest documented historical period in China (Shang dynasty, 1765-1121 BCE).


Javanese Gamelan

Here, a Javanese gamelan (court orchestra) performs at a traditional wedding ceremony in Indonesia. A gamelan relies on intricate music played on expensive, exquisite bronze instruments to convey their community's values, ideals, and self-image. What the gamelan performs depends on context.


Shiva as the Lord of Dance

This manifestation of the Hindu god Shiva depicts the deity holding a small drum, which symbolizes the audible space that fills the universe, the sound of creative energy. Here, rhythm, drum, and music are manifestations of fundamental Hindu beliefs.


Huun-Huur-Tu Throat Singers

Huun-Huur-Tu is a musical group from Tuva, which is situated along the Mongolia-Russia border, that is known for their traditional throat singing.


Javanese Shadow Puppets

Music and dramatized storytelling are the tools of memory in places like the Indonesian island of Java. Here, a traditional Wayang, or Javanese, performance depicts Hindu epics or popular cultural legends through the use of leather puppets whose shadow is cast upon a thin fabric.

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Primary Source: Educating Global Citizens

Such sources are indeed a superb addition to one’s class; unquestionably the materials on the Primary Source site can help enhance any class.
Art from the Penn Museum collection called "Ram in the Thicket"

Digital Collections - Penn Museum

The digital collections of the Penn Museum are extensive and easily accessible through their online portal. Its written, visual, and audio sources invite many groups to explore world history by browsing its pieces.
Image of Francois-Rene Moreau on a horse

Age of Revolutions

Two features are particularly valuable for students and teachers: the thematic bibliography section and the ‘Teaching Revolutions’ section.
Gold outline of the National Museum of China on black background, text below reads National Museum of China in simplifeid Chinese and English.

National Museum of China

In summation, the NMC site has a number of areas that will prove interesting to educators and most casual visitors, but overall, its main function is to provide information about the museum itself.

Teaching East Asia Online Curriculum Projects

The lessons provided are insightful explorations of Japanese history that strike a balance between academic rigour, accessibility, and being able to draw student attention, making them a valuable addition to any world history teacher’s toolkit.