Primary Source

Calendar from Cham manuscript, early 20th century

Grid with letters in cham script in each box


An image of the Cham calendar from an early 20th century Cham manuscript. The column on the left and top row indicate measurements of months of the calendar drawn from the Islamic lunar calendar. Numerals written in Cham script in the middle are symbolic of the Cham Hindu solar calendar. The combination of the lunar-awal and solar-ahiér calendars is intended to promote social harmony and avoid the tensions alluded to in the poem Ariya Bini Cam. The origins of the calendar are said to be in the 17th century reign of an upland ruler of Cham communities, Ppo Romé. To this day, the calendar is used to decide on the appropriate times for weddings, funerals, and high holidays, so that the resources of the Cham community are not overly strained by having such occasions overlap with one another. 

This source is part of the Ariya Cam Bini teaching module


Photographed by Dr. Noseworthy in October 2013. Shared with permissions for use from anonymous manuscript owner for educational purposes.

How to Cite This Source

"Calendar from Cham manuscript, early 20th century ," in World History Commons, [accessed February 6, 2023]