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Early Modern (1450 CE - 1800 CE)

Painting of a Spanish Galleon at sea firing its canons
Source

A Naval Encounter between Dutch and Spanish Warships

Spanish galleons were large ships specifically built to carry a huge amount of cargo across the vast distances of the Spanish maritime empire. The Manila Galleon Trade is a common topic in world history courses and represents the first truly global trade in world history.

Stellar diagram features a drawing of a ship surrounded by Chinese characters
Teaching

Short Teaching Module: Premodern Chinese Maps and the Global Maritime World

Premodern Chinese maps offer fascinating sources for teachers and students of world history.

Hand drawn map showing islands with mountains
Source

Selden Map

The Selden Map held by the Bodleian Library in Oxford, where it has been kept since 1659. This beautifully illustrated manuscript map shows East and Southeast Asia and marks maritime trading routes in the form of lines across the region.

Hand drawn map with a grid showing land and coastline
Source

Guang yutu map

The map of the “South-Eastern ocean barbarians” from the 1568 edition of the atlas Guang yutu. This atlas is divided into two parts, the first one deals with the geography of China, the second one with the Chinese borderlands, thematic maps, and maps of non-Chinese regions.

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Excerpts from the Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1768)

After decades of skirmishing and cold-war jostling, tensions between Great Britain and France all across the globe finally came to a head in the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763).

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Excerpts from the Treaty of Lancaster (1744)

With the threat of war with France looming on the horizon, the English colonies treated with the Iroquois Confederacy to determine a clearer boundary line between Indian lands and the western edges of the English colonies in pursuit of peace.

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Excerpts from the Treaty of Albany (1722)

By the mid-18th century, the Iroquois Confederacy was a significant sovereign power and the main physical buffer between the English colonies in the northeast (New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland, and New England) and French settlements around the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River.

Gold sculpture of a bird with it's head turned backwards
Methods

Primer: Technology

Technology, broadly defined, denotes not only transformative innovations but the whole spectrum of tools, skills and artifacts with which human societies construct their worlds.

Photograph from the collection of Metropolitan Railways Assistant Guards 'Consulting the Working Book'
Review

Manchester Digital Collections

An incredibly user-friendly and accessible platform to explore an impressive array of digitized historical and cultural objects
Detail showing "Allegory of Amsterdam Prosperity" by Dutch painter, Gerard de Lairesse, 1665.
Review

ECARTICO: Early Modern Cultural Industries

In addition to searching and browsing individual entries, ECARTICO allows users to visualize the relationships and links between cultural workers using quantitative data.