Image of a list written in script. Explanation in source annotation.

Short Teaching Module: Global Approaches to Maritime Trade in Colonial North America

Traditional narratives in American history, especially in colonial history, tend to focus primarily on British policy and British trade networks. Taking a global approach to the maritime trade of British America in the colonial era provides a better understanding of the actual economy, however.

Inset of Prester John from larger world map. Shows a man sitting in front of a tent.

Short Teaching Module: Examining Early Genoese Voyages through Maps

The medieval Genoese ranged from China to the Atlantic, and their experience in navigation, the sugar industry, and the slave trade were the elemental foundation of Iberian colonial expansion.

Map with network lines radiating from fixed points

Nautical Chart, 1385

This nautical chart is signed by Majorcan cartographer Guglielmo Soler and dated to 1385, and ranges from the Black Sea to the Atlantic. Less beautiful than the Catalan map, it was also more practical for navigators to use.

Two photos of men wearing western suits with number 8 and 9 under their photo

Primer: Borderlands History

Borderlands history studies the making and crossing of borders. While the term “borderlands” has no fixed definition, it can refer to spaces of encounter between different peoples and political entities.

Chart with curved sticks emanating from pebbles on either side

Short Teaching Module: History of the Pacific Ocean

Scholars of Pacific history explore how people build lives dependent on the ocean, how maritime connections create communities, and how humans and the environment shape each other.

Photograph of a large ship loaded with shipping containers

Short Teaching Module: Using Ships as Guides for Transnational Adventures through World History

Ships travel across oceans and in doing so connect people in disparate places across the globe. In this essay, Brandon Tachco explains how a focus on ships as a theme can add much to the study of world history.

Partial image of a map with a focus on a compass, surrounded by the word 'America'

Discovery and Exploration

The maps in the collection depict many geographical points of view, including the entire globe, specific areas of focus such as America itself, or even of specific coastlines.
A map of the Roman world with cities labeled.

ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World

This is a useful tool for educators to model how the Roman empire operated, as well as what those operations may have looked like in practice.
Blue circle with green landmass, showing an overhead view of the globe. It is captioned h/21.


The most meaningful goal of this site is its emphasis on epistemology, and students learning how to think historically.