Browse Method
Gulhane Proclamation thumbnail image

Analyzing Official Documents

Analyzing Documents presents case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. Here are excerpts from two official proclamations by the government of the Ottoman Empire. Both texts are part of the Ottoman government’s response to internal and external demands for reform stemming from the growing weakness of the state.

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People Reading the Gazette thumbnail image

Analyzing Newspapers

Analyzing Documents presents case studies that show how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. Here is an 18th-century French newspaper, Le Courrier d’Avignon, and an image of the reading public in France around the same time. By the late 18th century, newspapers had become important means of communication in France, England, and other countries.

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BaAka Women Dancing the Hunting Dance thumbnail image

Analyzing Music

Analyzing Documents presents case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. On this screen, you see an image of female BaAka dancers from the southwestern Central African Republic in the rainforest region dancing a hunting dance called Ndambo. Music and dance are important in BaAka culture.

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Mercator projection

Analyzing Maps

Analyzing Documents presents case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. Here are two maps of the world. The first, a Mercator projection, probably seems familiar to you because Mercator maps are among the most common in use today. The second is a Mercator projection that has been altered.

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Thumbnail image of the Hagia Sophia

Analyzing Objects

Analyzing Documents presents case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. On this screen you have an image of the Hagia Sophia, the cathedral of the Byzantine Empire in Constantinople, (present day Istanbul), and an architectural drawing of the building’s floor plan.

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Thumbnail image of Codex Mendoza

Analyzing Images

Analyzing Documents presents case studies that show how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history.

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Material Culture - Images

Images are depictions. What is not so simple is perceiving an image. We learn to perceive images, that is, to recognize them with understanding, through the filter of cultural experience. Our cultural values give meaning to both the content of images and their physical form. These values change over time and place and they vary according to the position of the viewer within a society.

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