Early Modern (1450 CE - 1800 CE)

Thumbnail of New Year celebration painting

Joyous Celebration at the New Year

This image offers an artistic view of a household celebrating the New Year's holiday. Here we find children at play amidst a scene of domestic joy and prosperity for an elite family of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911).

Thumbnail image of Los tres mulatos de Esmeraldas

Los tres mulatos de Esmeraldas

This is a painting entitled “The Mulatto Gentlemen of Esmeraldas” from Spanish America. The painting was made in 1599 by a relatively well-known indigenous painter who was working in Quito at the time, a man named Andrés Sánchez Gallque.

Thumbnail image of Codex Mendoza

Codex Mendoza

This is a map from the Codex Mendoza (circa 1543) that represents the founding of Tenochtitlan, the large imperial capital of the Aztecs. It offers an important window into visual culture and social, religious, and political life in the early era of Spanish colonization.

Thumbnail image of Codex Mendoza

Analyzing Images

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history.

Thumbnail image of Cook's Endeavor Voyage from South Seas website.

The South Seas

A useful site for the study of children in the Pacific Basin is The South Seas, a resource database dedicated to European voyages from 1760 to 1800.