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Early Modern (1450 CE - 1800 CE)

Thumbnail of dance of death illustration
Source

The Dance of Death

Children are not frequent subjects of medieval art, but the figure of the child does occur in a medieval artistic and literary form known as the Danse macabre or Dance of the Dead.

Thumbnail of children's games painting
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Pieter Bruegel the Elder’s "Children's Games"

Flemish painter, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, painted "Children's Games" in 1560. While many of his other paintings also portray peasant folk culture, this summer townscape that is devoid of adults is rich in detail about Medieval children—especially at play.

Thumbnail of New Year celebration painting
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Joyous Celebration at the New Year

This image offers an artistic view of a household celebrating the New Year's holiday. Here we find children at play amidst a scene of domestic joy and prosperity for an elite family of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911).

Thumbnail image of Los tres mulatos de Esmeraldas
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Los tres mulatos de Esmeraldas

This is a painting entitled “The Mulatto Gentlemen of Esmeraldas” from Spanish America. The painting was made in 1599 by a relatively well-known indigenous painter who was working in Quito at the time, a man named Andrés Sánchez Gallque.

Thumbnail image of Codex Mendoza
Source

Codex Mendoza

This is a map from the Codex Mendoza (circa 1543) that represents the founding of Tenochtitlan, the large imperial capital of the Aztecs. It offers an important window into visual culture and social, religious, and political life in the early era of Spanish colonization.

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Methods

Analyzing Images

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history.

Thumbnail image of Cook's Endeavor Voyage from South Seas website.
Review

The South Seas

A useful site for the study of children in the Pacific Basin is The South Seas, a resource database dedicated to European voyages from 1760 to 1800.