Thumbnail image of Codex Mendoza

Analyzing Images

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history.

Thumbnail image of Northern Chinese woman with foot binding.

Foot Binding

This photograph presents a very different vision of foot binding from that depicted by Western observers in the 19th century.


Missionary Journal, Foot Binding 1

This article was published in a Protestant missionary journal, based in Canton, that operated from 1832 until 1851. Its readership included both the foreigners living in Canton and home religious communities in Britain and the United States.


The Ethics of Christianity and Confucianism Compared

This selection is the ninth of ten sections in an article comparing Confucianism and Christianity. The article was published in a missionary journal printed in the cities of Fuzhou and Shanghai. The Chinese Recorder and Missionary Journal operated between 1868 and 1912.