Primary Source

Sorghaghtani Beki and Tolui

Painting shows king and queen surrounded by others at court


In this illustration from Rashid al-Din’s Compendium of Chronicles Sorghaghtani Beki and Tolui sit together on a pillowed throne. Here the artist depicts different aspects of ideal Mongol masculinity than do illustrations of warriors, as Tolui interacts in a dignified way with the court ladies and officials surrounding him. As in Rashid al-Din’s text, Sorghaghtani Beki is portrayed as calm and competent, sharing her husband’s duties.

This source is a part of the Masculinity and Femininity in the Mongol Empire teaching module.


Reproduction in Genghis Khan et l’Empire Mongol by Jean-Paul Roux, collection “Découvertes Gallimard”

How to Cite This Source

"Sorghaghtani Beki and Tolui," in World History Commons, [accessed December 8, 2022]