Primary Source

The Republic

Painting of Liberty as the Republic


Under the monarchy, the king was the country’s symbolic center. Removing him and establishing a republic made necessary not only a new constitution but also a new set of symbols. Here the revolutionaries transformed "Liberty" into "the Republic." Without her pike and cap, she seems more matriarchal, framed by flourishing plants. Sometimes depicted in more aggressive posture, the Republic was always shown as a female figure, in part to avoid identification with any particular male politician or political group. The female Republic never appeared in contemporary dress; she was a symbol above politics, not a French woman involved in revolutionary action.


Title in French
La République


Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Estampes et photographie, RESERVE QB-370 (44)-FT 4

de Vinck. Un siècle d'histoire de France par l'estampe, 1770-1870. Vol. 44 (pièces 5943-6108), Ancien Régime et Révolution

How to Cite This Source

"The Republic," in World History Commons, [accessed August 14, 2022]