The 33 Orientales
In 1825, Uruguayan troops won their independence from Brazil. The military contingent became known as the “33 Orientales,” reflecting the number of participants and referencing the name of the region (Oriente). Between 1875 and 1878, Juan Manuel Blanes captured a version of these events on oil and canvas. The moment depicted here took place as the “33 Orientales” planted their flag, which read “Liberty or Death.” The differences in clothing and weapons among the group helps illustrate the various rankings of the individuals. This massive painting (311 x 564 cm), entitled "El Juramento de los Treinta y Tres Orientales," remains on display at the Museo de Bellas Artes Juan Manuel Blanes.
"Presentación de "Juramento de los Treinta y Tres Orientales'." Museo de Bellas Artes Juan Manuel Blanes. June 15, 2021.
"El Juramento de los Treinta y Tres Orientales." 1875-1878. Wikipedia. June 15, 2021.
Annotated by Brittany Erwin.