Primary Source

General Federation of the French


This image provides a visual overview of the Festival of Federation of 14 July 1790. Commemorating the fall of the Bastille one year earlier this massive military parade of troops from all regions of the kingdom converged on a triple–tiered triumphal arch where all the soldiers swore an oath to serve the king and the National Assembly. The pageant drew nearly a million spectators and represented the apex of the social, geographical and political unity that reformers and early revolutionaries hoped would solve France’s problems. This festival was a powerful counterpoint to those who believed that the social question ultimately would undermine the French Revolution.


Isidore-Stanislas Helman (engraver)
Antoine-Jean Duclos (engraver)

Charles Monnet (designer)

Bibliothèque Nationale de France

How to Cite This Source

"General Federation of the French," in World History Commons, [accessed August 13, 2022]