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thumbnail of an advertisement poster for the sell of slaves

Advertisement for Sale of Newly Arrived Africans

Source

This image is of an advertisement for a nearly equal number of adults and children from Sierra Leone at a Charleston Auction. This image is important for several reasons, namely because one should see what an auction advertisement looks like, but also because the number of boys and girls is nearly equal to that of the number of men and women imported. Other things that should be pointed out is... Read More »

Advice of an Aztec Mother to Her Daughter

Advice of an Aztec Mother to Her Daughter

Source

Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún recorded this text in the mid-16th century as part of an effort to gather information about native Aztec history and customs. Sahagún went to Mexico in 1529 as one of the first missionaries assigned to the newly conquered territory of New Spain. He remained there until his death, preaching and instructing youth in Spanish, Latin, science, religion, and... Read More »

Photo of a woman with writing in the background

African American Women Writers of the 19th Century

Review
Students might examine how the inclusion of African American women's perspectives alters more standardized narratives of American history.

Allegory of Truth

Source

Female revolutionary figures stood for all kinds of qualities and virtues, in this case, "Truth." Women figures appeared so prominently in paintings and engravings because French nouns for the qualities and virtues were usually feminine (Truth = La Vérité). In other words, paintings such as this one did not represent real women; they used allegorical figures to make a more abstract point.

Sketch of a woman comforting a child

An Enemy of the People

Source

Sketch by Michail Distergeft. A woman comforting a child, as they stand in line waiting hoping for news of the fate of their family member who has been arrested. Such lines formed outside every prison during the years of mass terror, as it was the only hope for family members to learn of the fate of the arrested. The lines are memorialized in Anna Akhmatova's famous poem "Requiem." The sketch... Read More »

An Example of Heroic Courage

An Example of Heroic Courage

Source

In this rendition of an incident from the Vendée rebellion, an ordinary woman is shown standing up to the rebels. It comes from a series of heroic images of the Revolution and shows that women could be heroines for the Republic.

An Ordinary Woman Faces Prison for her Comments

Source

This petition from the wife of a wigmaker in Paris demonstrates both the volatility of the political situation (she went to jail for badmouthing a local official while standing in line at a food market) and the conditions in prison.

Rare photograph of women from Bohemia thumbnail

Analyzing Census Data

Methods

Analyzing Evidence presents case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. In the video below, historian Mills Kelly discusses the data from the 1910 census of the Hapsburg Monarchy. The census data was collected for most towns and cities throughout the Monarchy every few years from between 1880 and 1910. It covers occupation,... Read More »

Analyzing Commission Records

Methods

Analyzing Evidence presents case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. In the video below, historian Meredith McKittrick analyzes sources from a commission hearing conducted in southeastern Nigeria in 1930 by British colonial officials. The hearing investigated a series of disturbances by local women following a rumor that the... Read More »

Thumbnail of woman selling items in the street

Analyzing Inquisition Documents

Methods

Analyzing Evidence presents case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. In the video, historian Joan Bristol analyzes records from the Mexican Inquisition, a tribunal created in Spain in the late 15th century to prosecute people who committed crimes against Christianity. These records is a summary of a case in which a nun, Juana... Read More »

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