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Mausoleum of José de San Martín

Source

In 1816, after more than two centuries of Spanish rule, the nation of Argentina declared its independence. One of the leaders of the independence movement was José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras, more commonly known as General San Martín. He fought in battles in Argentina, Peru, and Chile. The Argentine public has historically regarded him as a father of the independence movement. The... Read More »

Painting of men on a stoop reading a newspaper with shocked expressions surrounded by

Mexican-American War and the Media

Review
The contrast between coverage of the war in the United States and in England is particularly striking.

Mexico Cartoon, 1846

Source

This cartoon was published in New York in June 1846 as a lithograph, a month after the United States declared war on Mexico on May 13, 1846 to begin the Mexican-American War, which resulted in U.S. annexation of Mexico’s northern territory. Lithographs were printed cheaply from original drawings using crayon, limestone, and rolled-on ink. The image is both morbid and satirical, depicting three... Read More »

Portrait of Indigenous Men by Lorenzo Becerril ca. 1890-1900

Mexico: From Empire to Revolution

Review
By making hundreds of photographs available and placing them in a clear, historical context, the website provides students with a fascinating perspective on several crucial decades in Mexican history.
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MOBILIZATION FOR WAR (5 JULY 1792)

Source

Although a small minority in the Legislative Assembly when it convened in September 1791, the Girondins succeeded in passing a resolution in favor of war with "the King of Bohemia and Hungary," meaning the Habsburg Empire in April 1792. Citing the Pillnitz Declaration and Louis’s continued resistance to war to their advantage, throughout the first half of 1791, Jacques–Pierre Brissot and his... Read More »

Moralia

Source

Part of Plutarch's Moralia, these sayings by Spartan women demonstrate not only the martial culture of Sparta that emphasized physical courage and honor, but also the role of women in reinforcing that culture. Some sayings pertain to the reaction of Spartan mothers to their sons' death in battle while others purport to be the reaction of Spartan women to the cowardice of their sons.... Read More »

Painting shows mounted warriors armed with bow and arrows in combat

Mounted Mongol Warriors

Source

In this watercolor illustration from the Compendium of Chronicles, the enormous hemispheric history by the learned official Rashid al-Din finished around 1310, mounted Mongol warriors shoot bows and arrows while riding, a military tactic perfected by steppe warriors. The soldiers they are chasing are also Mongol dress, so this may represent a conflict between different Mongol groups.... Read More »

Museo Regional de Oriente

Source

The Museo Regional de Oriente is a state-run history and anthropology museum in San Miguel, El Salvador. The complex that houses this institution began as a textile factory in the 1940s. In the 1980s, during the Guerra Civil (civil war), the Salvadoran military operated out of these structures, which housed the infantry battalion. The Salvadoran Department of Culture took over the space in the... Read More »

Napoleon in Italy 1796-97

Napoleon in Italy 1796-97

Source

Map depicting Napoleon's campaigns in Italy, 1796-97.

This source is a part of the The Napoleonic Experience teaching module.

Map of Napoleon’s Egyptian Campaign

Napoleon’s Egyptian Campaign

Source

Map depicting Napoleon's Egyptian campaigns.

This source is a part of the The Napoleonic Experience teaching module.

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