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thumbnail of the Arab Countries Youth Population statistics

Arab Countries Youth Population Projection

Source

The 2009 United Nations Arab Human Development Report describes a "youth bulge" as a high proportion of 15-29 year olds relative to the adult population. Young people are the fastest growing segment in Arab countries, with youth under 25 years of age comprising about 60% of the current population. The median age of the total Arab population is 22 years, compared with the global average of 28... Read More »

Arms Reductions and the Warsaw Pact

Source

The Warsaw Pact was based around the principle of cooperation and mutual assistance for its member states, though primarily it was a military alliance led by the Soviet Union. Therefore, Mikhail Gorbachev's arms reduction plan affected all of the member states of the Warsaw Pact by reducing all of the men under arms in Eastern Europe. In this meeting from July 1988, the Defense Ministers of... Read More »

Assessing the Future of the Bulgarian Communist Party

Source

On November 10, 1989, the day after the fall of the Berlin Wall, leading figures in the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) forced Todor Zhivkov, Bulgaria’s leader for more than 35 years, to resign. A coalition of opposition groups formed the Union of Democratic Forces (UDF) on December 7, to coordinate efforts to “speed up the processes of democratization,” the group asserted in a statement... Read More »

Assessing the Future of the Soviet Military

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Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms followed two paths: perestroika (restructuring) and glasnost' (openness). In order to reform the Soviet economy, Gorbachev believed it was necessary to cut spending on the Soviet military, both inside Soviet borders and throughout Eastern Europe. By the end of 1989, 500,000 men had been decommissioned from the Soviet army, greatly reducing its military presence... Read More »

Attack on Seigneurial Dues

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The petitions from rural communities focused in part on the abuse of seigneurial dues owed by peasants to lords for which, in principle, they received protection and supervision. But by 1789, on the verge of the French Revolution, these excerpts demonstrate that peasants considered their lords not as protectors but as exploiters who constantly turned the screws to extract ever more rent or... Read More »

Australia's Vietnam War

Review
The project chronicles the Australian contribution to the American War in Vietnam and serves as an important means of disentangling both the conflation of the American and Australian experiences of the conflict as well as long-held myths regarding the role and conduct of Australian troops in Vietnam.
1897 watercolor of Sydney's port looking across the roofs of several buildings towards the harbor and ships

Australian Studies Resources

Review
The wide assortment of material makes it useful for teaching many distinct themes relevant to world history.
Australian War Memorial

Australian War Memorial

Review
This website provides extensive information about the history of Australia at war, through primary and secondary material, as well as information about the memorial itself.

Babeuf’s Trial

Source

Long after sans–culotte influence on the government had waned, social conflicts continued to drive some revolutionary events. Throughout 1794 and 1795, urban and rural radicals alike demanded "bread and the constitution of 1793," meaning that the government should feed the people and grant universal male suffrage. One such radical, who took the name Gracchus Babeuf, supposedly... Read More »

The image is titled on the site as "Children contend with a too-big bicycle, Pre Umbel" taken in 1991.  It is a black and white photograph showing too girls holding up a bicycle, unable to climb onto it.

Beauty and Darkness: Cambodia

Review
In order to comprehend these overwhelming atrocities on a personal level, I strongly recommend the chilling oral histories...The accounts would make excellent supplementary reading for a class discussion on the Khmer Rogue and provide a hauntingly human face to the statistics.

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