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District Commissioner, Narok to Officer in Charge, Masai Reserve

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British colonialism in what became Kenya began officially in 1895 and lasted until 1963, but the Maasai themselves were not effectively under British rule until just before the First World War. This letter is one of a series concerning a riot at Rotian on the Masai Reserve in 1935. The letters were exchanged between Buxton, the District Commissioner at Narok (one of the two districts into... Read More »

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DOCTRINE OF BABEUF

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Despite the radical nature of such measures taken by the National Assembly as the abolition of nobility and the civil constitution of the clergy, social conflicts continued to manifest themselves after the National Assembly completed its work in 1791. Peasants continued to believe they were not getting all that was due them from urban merchants who bought their grain, while city dwellers... Read More »

Detail of The Landing of Captain Cook at Botany Bay, 1770  depicted in a 1930s travel poster

Documenting a Democracy: Australia's Story

Review
This site has particular strengths in presenting legal and constitutional materials on the emergence of a democratic nation in a colonial context.
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Don Eduardo Brown v. Don Leonardo Brown

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During the Rosas era, parents in Argentina grew increasingly concerned about the behavior of their children. Lawsuits throughout this turbulent period illustrate the disagreements between young people and their parents over marriage choice, property rights, and inheritance. Mothers and fathers often went to court seeking to constrain their children's free will when they believed that the... Read More »

Economic Woes for the Warsaw Pact

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The Warsaw Pact was based around the principle of cooperation and mutual assistance for its member states, including both military agreement and economic cooperation. In reality, the Soviet Union decided both the military and economic policies for all of the Warsaw Pact's member states. Disagreement with Soviet policies had resulted in the invasion of Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968... Read More »

Edict Creating "Superior Councils" (23 February 1771)

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This edict came at the end of the extended legal confrontation between the parlements and Louis XV. After orders that the judges stop obstructing the work of administration against the actions of the central government failed to halt the magistrates’ defense of local privilege, the decision was made to take even more decisive action. Chancellor René Maupeou was the chief executor of Louis XV’s... Read More »

Edict of Toleration, November 1787

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Calvinists had a long and tumultuous history in France. They first gained the right to worship according to their creed in 1598 when King Henry IV issued the Edict of Nantes to end the wars of religion between Catholics and Calvinists. Louis XIV revoked that edict in 1685 and initiated a massive campaign to forcibly convert all of the Calvinists in France. For more than a century, public... Read More »

Black and white photo of a man in profile with a bead and mushtash, wearing a keffiyeh

Eltaher Collection

Review
This collection is a good resource for learning about the fight for decolonization in the Middle East and Northern Africa, from the perspective of those being colonized.
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Emmerton Letter, 1926

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Between 1919 and 1935, citizens of the U.S. and Canada complained about industrial pollution from an American company called the Solvay Process Company (also called the Michigan Alkali Corporation), which dumped its wastes on Fighting Island, in the Detroit River. The island is in the United States, but the boundary line runs past it through the Detroit River. Until the mid-1920s, the island’s... Read More »

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Emperor Meiji to President Grant on Iwakura Mission

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The Iwakura Mission was a visit to the United States and Europe between 1871 and 1873 by many of the top officials of the new Meiji government. The primary purpose of the mission was to observe Western countries with an eye towards building a modern nation-state in Japan: in the words of the document, to "select from the various institutions prevailing among enlightened nations such as are... Read More »

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