image of gender roles being portrayed

Gender Roles among the Nahua in the Codex Mendoza


From the time of birth, children in Aztec, or Nahua, society were socialized into gender roles. In the birth ritual introducing the infant to society, symbolic objects clearly differentiated. Boys were to be warriors and craftsmen, and girls were to tend to domestic chores. Articles of clothing—loincloth and cape for the boy, shift and skirt for the girl—were given to the child. The umbilical... Read More »

Girls Making Snowman painting thumbnail

Girls Making Snowman


Motivated by wartime hysteria and racial sentiments following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 that ordered the removal of Japanese Americans on the West Coast to internment camps in the interior. Children were over half of the 110,000-120,000 Japanese Americans forced to leave friends, pets, possessions—even... Read More »

A drawing of a building with a dome in the center

Global Architectural History Teaching Collaborative

Perhaps most interesting and relevant for world history teachers and students are the modules that make connections across space and time.

Gravestones and Childhood


In 17th-century New England, Puritan beliefs about "infant depravity" (born with "original sin") generated anxieties about "eternal damnation" that shaped methods of childrearing and notions of death. Puritan beliefs can be "read" on the gravestones often made out of dark grey slate. The standard three-lobed shape of early Puritan gravestones reflected the belief that to enter eternity the... Read More »

Great Unsolved Mysteries in Canadian History

Students may begin by focusing on 'solving' the crime itself, but along the way will be drawn into the consideration of wider issues

Guadeloupean Household Workers at Ellis Island


This is a photograph of household workers from the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe just after their arrival in New York in 1911.

This source is a part of the Analyzing Manifest Records methods module.

Image of an Incan man from page 98 of Guaman Poma

Guaman Poma - El primer nueva corónica y buen gobierno

This digital version of Guaman Poma’s manuscript provides teachers and students with an opportunity to think about the relationship between events and the way that they are recorded, and about the materials that historians use to interpret the past.
Thumbnail image of Hanover Historical Texts homepage

Hanover Historical Texts Project

The project has taken a selection of more than 115 primary texts in the public domain, in English or translated into English, and made them available to anyone with Internet access.
Historias Podcast logo

Historias: The Spanish History Podcast

The podcast could serve as a useful tool for Latin America experts to stay up-to-date on scholarship, for professors in other areas to broaden their knowledge of Latin America and establish relevant connections, and for students to engage in analysis of “texts” beyond the written word.
Vintage illustration of a woman plucking fruit, with the words Works for Victory, 1945 below in italicised font

Historic Government Publications from World War II

Easy to use, chockful of useful content, and easy to access even when offline, Historic Government Publications from World War II shows that repositories do not need to be overly complicated to achieve good things.