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The Adoption History Project

Review
Overall, the Adoption History Project is among the best-designed and most succinctly comprehensive historical websites currently available. It is useful for students and scholars at all levels of academic proficiency
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The Anda Bond

Source

Along with practices of male bonding that are shared with other times and places, such as membership in all-male groups with distinctive uniforms or clothing or socializing in places where women are not allowed or do not go, the Mongols also had a specific type of male bonding, the anda bond. In an anda bond, the two men pledged to aid each other under any circumstances,... Read More »

The Battle of Waterloo as Recounted by one of Napoleon’s Personal Aides (June 1815)

Source

Jardin Ainé (the elder) was responsible for Napoleon’s horse and had a firsthand view of the momentous events that definitively ended Napoleon’s career.

This source is a part of the The Napoleonic Experience teaching module.

The Burning of Moscow as Seen by One of Napoleon’s Generals

Source

Philippe de Ségur served as Quartermaster–General during the invasion of Russia and had accompanied Napoleon on many of his military campaigns.

This source is a part of the The Napoleonic Experience teaching module.

The Clergy as a Target: A Political Problem

Source

Camille Desmoulins, an influential populist writer, here attacks the distinction between "active" and "passive" citizenry based on personal wealth, by pointing out that Christ himself would have been relegated to "passive" citizenry. Desmoulins holds the clergy responsible for this undemocratic policy, charging that the 300 representatives of the clergy in the National Assembly, as well as... Read More »

The Coffee Planter of Saint Domingo (London, 1798)

Source

Here Pierre Joseph Laborie provides the perspective of the planter. He gives a detailed description of the organization of enslaved labor in the production of coffee. Although he shared quite negative views of the African enslaved people, he was candid about the extreme brutality that they faced and admitted that it diminished their capacity to work.

The Effect of the Russian Winter Described by a General

Source

Ségur gave a terrifying description of the effect of the Russian winter that started in November 1812.

This source is a part of the The Napoleonic Experience teaching module.

The Eleventh of Thermidor

Source

During the night of the 9th and 10th, with the outcome in doubt, deputies opposing Robespierre went to speak in the sections, hoping to convince the activists of the rightness of their cause. Whether out of political exhaustion, loss of their ability to organize rapidly, disbelief that the liberty of the Republic was any longer in doubt, or simply dissatisfaction with Robespierre’s leadership... Read More »

The Florentine Codex

Source

This is an excerpt from the twelfth book of the Historia general de las Cosas de Nueva España (General History of the Things of New Spain), an encyclopedic work about the people and culture of central Mexico compiled by Fray Bernardino Sahagún (1499-1590). Sahagún was a Franciscan missionary who arrived in Mexico in 1529. The manuscript, commonly referred to as the ... Read More »

The French Return from An Historical Account of the Black Empire of Hayti

Source

In this excerpt, Rainsford continues to exhalt the qualities of L’Ouverture while criticizing French behavior in the attempted reconquest of the island under Napoleon.

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