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Image thumbnail of Boys' Initiation Mask (keweke)

Boys' Initiation Mask (keweke)

Source

This mask worn by boys during initiation rituals in Papua New Guinea is made of painted bark cloth and canvas stretched over a cane frame. The long fiber fringe adds movement to the mask, which is worn during dances and other secret rituals that that comprise boyhood initiation rites. These rituals often involve disguises, as initiates endure trials, receive food and drink from villagers, and... Read More »

Thumbnail of school building photo

Kaichi and Mitsuke Schools

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While most pre-Meiji commoner schools were held either in temples or in the homes of the teachers, most teachers and officials associated with the Meiji education reforms emphasized the importance of having schools in new buildings created specifically for the purpose of education. While this goal took around three decades to accomplish, there were some early, ambitious efforts to erect school... Read More »

Brothers Grimm cover

"How Some Children Played at Slaughtering"

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The pioneering collection of fairy tales published by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm in the first half of the 19th century reflects both the romantic interest in the national past—that is, in the cultural origins and "childhood" of the German people—and the burgeoning efforts to create a literature tailored to the perceived needs of children. "How Some Children Played at Slaughtering" encompasses two... Read More »

Title page of Camila O'Gorman

"To the Spirits of Camila O'Gorman"

Source

The story of Camila O'Gorman (1828-1848), the daughter of a prominent merchant in the Buenos Aires community, is one of the most famous cases of a young person challenging both parental and state authority. In 1847, at the height of Rosas's power, 19-year-old Camila and Ladislao Gutiérrez, a young Catholic priest from Tucumán, fell in love. On December 12, 1847, they eloped and fled to... Read More »

15th Anniversary Celebration of the October Revolution

15th Anniversary Celebration of the October Revolution

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Black and white photograph of a large group of uniformed individuals standing in front of buildings at a celebration of the 15th anniversary of the October Revolution. Militarized Guard, Belomorkanal Camp.

Title page of A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison

A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison

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In 1753, 15 year old Mary Jemison was captured by Indians along the Pennsylvania frontier during the Seven Years' War between the French, English, and Indian peoples of North America. She was adopted and incorporated into the Senecas, a familiar practice among Iroquois and other Indian peoples seeking to replace a lost sibling or spouse. Mary married and raised a family in the decades before... Read More »

A Poem by Victor Hugo (1830)

A Poem by Victor Hugo (1830)

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In his poem “To the Column,” the great French poet Victor Hugo celebrates the memory of Napoleon.

A Popular English Broadside (1821)

A Popular English Broadside (1821)

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Some in the popular classes saw in Napoleon an opponent of monarchs.

Title page for Adventure in New Zealand

Adventure in New Zealand, from 1839 to 1844

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E. J. Wakefield was 19 years of age when he sailed from England, in 1839, on the New Zealand Company vessel, Tory, as secretary to his uncle, Colonel William Wakefield. Wakefield was to oversee the foundation of a Company settlement in the Cook Strait region, where the country's capital city, Wellington, is now located. Land purchases from tribal owners were a priority for the colonizing... Read More »

Aerial View of Perm 36

Aerial View, Perm 36, 1946-1950

Source

Illustration of camp at what became known as Perm 36 as it appeared from 1946-1950 showing guards on horseback marching prisoners down the road.

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