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Short Teaching Module: Codex Mendoza (16th c.)


In Mexico City, towards the middle of the 16th century, Nahuatl-speaking painters created the Codex Mendoza, one of the most lavish indigenous accounts of history and moral behavior known today. Across pages of expensive, imported paper, the painters of the C. Mendoza describe the conquests of Mexica (Aztec) rulers and note the tribute they collected from their subordinates: precious feathered... Read More »

Little Women

Short Teaching Module: Girlhood and Little Women


Scholars often label the period between 1865 and 1920 the "Golden Age" of Anglo-American children's literature, as this is the period when many of the classics were written and published, including Alice in Wonderland (1865), Ragged Dick (1868), Tom Sawyer (1876), Treasure Island (1884), Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1903), The Secret Garden (1911) to name just a few. This "golden age" came... Read More »

Short Teaching Module: Letters of Milada Horáková


Horáková makes a good case study for several reasons. One of the most prominent European feminists of the first half of the 20th century, she was an active member of the resistance during the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia. Arrested by the Gestapo in 1940, she and her husband, Bohuslav, spent the rest of World War II in the Terezín (Theresienstadt) concentration camp. After the war and her... Read More »

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Short Teaching Module: Maasai Murran as Rebellious Youth (20th c)


A number of societies in Eastern Africa, including the Maasai, divide the male life-cycle into distinct stages: childhood; murranhood (or "warrior"); and elderhood. Age-set societies like the Maasai are perhaps unusually explicit in the way that they divide up the life cycle whereas other societies find different ways of socialising the young and managing generational tension. Among... Read More »

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Short Teaching Module: Roman Children’s Sarcophagi


I use images of two Roman marble sarcophagi for topics on children and childhood in undergraduate courses on ancient society, family, gender, representations, and historiography. The sarcophagi can be used to study one period of antiquity or to examine changing notions of childhood over time. My aim in using the sarcophagi is to increase students' awareness of the rich variety of accessible... Read More »

Short Teaching Module: Women in Romania


Using oral histories, this case study explores various aspects of women’s daily lives in Communist Romania and women’s attitudes toward the changes wrought by the transformation to a pluralist system and to a market economy after the collapse of the regime in December 1989.

This short teaching module includes a guide to a multi-class unit containing discussion questions, common student... Read More »

Small Terracotta Male


This figure measures only 12.4 centimeters tall. It dates from some time between the seventeenth and eighteenth century. It depicts a clothed male figure, with buttons running down the font of his outfit. It also features a stand at the back to balance the figure. The Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia de México, which houses this piece, has explained that these kinds of figures... Read More »

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Sorghaghtani Beki in the eyes of court historians


Sorghaghtani Beki, the wife and then widow of Chinggis Khan’s youngest son Tolui, appears in many contemporary written sources about the Mongol Empire, and is always viewed positively. Here the two court historians and officials ‘Ata-Malik Juvaini and Rashid al-Din describe how Chinggis Khan’s immediate successor Ogedei relied on her advice, and how the success of her sons was the result of... Read More »

Source Collection: Women and the Revolution


Women participated in virtually every aspect of the French Revolution, but their participation almost always proved controversial. Women's status in the family, society, and politics had long been a subject of polemics. In the eighteenth century, those who favored improving the status of women insisted primarily on women's right to an education (rather than on the right to vote, for instance,... Read More »

Red and white text reading 'Studs Terkel Radio Archive' on a black background.

Studs Terkel Radio Archive

As stated on the tin, the Studs Terkel Radio Archive is dedicated to digitising and archiving the numerous radio programs that Louis “Studs” Terkel (1912-2008) made throughout his prolific career.