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Triumph of Napoleon, First Consul

Source

Napoleon encouraged comparisons to the Roman republic. The French adoption of the term "Consul" was a clear reference to the Roman Republic, for that was the name given the men chosen to direct the republican government in Roman times.

Original Format
Engraving

Title (French)
Triomphe de Napoléon

Triumph of the Parisian Army and the People

Source

Returning home from the October march to Versailles, the women and the guardsmen display the heads of troops who confronted the marchers. Note the use of tree branches, symbolizing support for the revolution here as in other prints.

Triumph of the Year 1813

Triumph of the Year 1813

Source

Napoleon’s efforts to dominate central Europe kindled a huge reaction, as national feelings soared among the many ethnic groups inhabiting the area. While these feelings would eventually lead to great internal conflicts, at first they were focused on francophobia and hostility to Napoleon. This cunning image shows a gnarled face made of Napoleon’s victims and an epaulet with fingers grasping... Read More »

Black and white photograph of a truck in snow

Truck in Snow Near Chukotka

Source

Black and white photograph of a truck in snow on the road at Egvekinot-Iyl'tin, Chukotka.

Turgot, "Letter to the King on Finance" (1774)

Source

In 1774, the newly ascendant Louis XVI appointed as his minister of finance a pro–Enlightenment economist and administrator named Anne–Robert–Jacques Turgot, a baron from a noble family with many generations of service to the kings of France. In office, Turgot sought to implement many reforms of the royal treasury. In this passage, he informs the King of the debts he has discovered in the... Read More »

Turgot, "Memorandum on Local Government" (1775)

Source

In 1774, on the accession of Louis XVI, Anne–Robert–Jacques Turgot was named Controller–General of Finances. In this position, he also became responsible for administrative policies relating to taxation, the economy, and local government. With his recent experience as an intendant in mind, Turgot directed his secretary (the economist, Pierre–Samuel Dupont de Nemours) to draft a long memorandum... Read More »

Turkmen Party's Niazov Discusses Ethnic Issues

Source

In this interview, published just days after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Communist leader in Turkmenistan, S. A. Niyazov, offered a stiff defense of the existing structure of the Soviet Union. Implicitly contrasting the "calm" that prevailed in his republic with the turmoil spreading from Eastern Europe through the Baltic republics and Ukraine into the rest of the Soviet Union, Niyazov's... Read More »

Two Lenins (forward)

Source

These busts of Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov), the first leader of the Soviet Union, are but two samples of thousands of different versions of Lenin's likeness. Both are copies of the same plaster bust, approximately two feet in height. Across the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and other states led by Communist parties, busts, statues, reliefs, and other likenesses of Lenin were ubiquitous... Read More »

Two Lenins (profile)

Source

These busts of Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov), the first leader of the Soviet Union, are but two samples of thousands of different versions of Lenin's likeness. Both are copies of the same plaster bust, approximately two feet in height. Across the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and other states led by Communist parties, busts, statues, reliefs, and other likenesses of Lenin were ubiquitous... Read More »

Color sketch from Evfrosiniia Kersnovskaia's self-illustrated memoirs of two miners

Two Miners

Source

Color sketch from Evfrosiniia Kersnovskaia's self-illustrated memoirs of two miners working with lanterns and pneumatic drills. In the accompanying text, Kersnovskaia recalls an episode when she was working in a mine and one of the construction managers informed her about a fire in the mine. She did not panic, but calmly cleaned her working space and left.

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