From the middle of the 19th century on, European women settled in colonial empires in Asia and Africa in greater numbers. Some, even many, attempted to effect changes for the good of colonized women. One example of this in French Algeria was Hubertine Auclert, (1848-1914), the radical Parisian feminist writer and women’s suffrage activist. Auclert lived in Algeria from 1888 to 1892 and... Read More »
North Africa has long been home to ancient, diverse communities of Jews, originally from Spain, Italy, Palestine, or elsewhere. Many claim to have inhabited the area stretching from Morocco to Tunisia for nearly two millennia—since around 70 CE—although others trace their roots even farther back in time to the Punic or Carthaginian period (ca. 814-146 BCE). Traditionally, Morocco boasted a... Read More »
Rousseau was the most controversial and paradoxical of the writers of the Enlightenment. Born in Switzerland, he published important works on politics, music, and in Emile, education. He also wrote one of the most widely read novels of the century, Julie or the New Heloise. Although an advocate of new educational practices that emphasized the natural development of children’s abilities,... Read More »
The Karlag camp document states that there were cases when camp inmates lacked a chance to get newspapers because some cultural and educational workers used newspapers for their own purposes. Newspapers were used instead of wallpaper or tablecloth.It is stressed that any unreasonable obstructions in delivering the newspapers to camp inmates would be punished severely.
This Karlag camp document stresses the importance of cultural and educational activities which played a decisive role in reeducation of camp inmates. Thus, camp chiefs were given an order to increase the ranks of cultural and educational workers.
The Karlag camp document provides statistical information regarding liquidation of illiteracy among camp inmates and orders to organize classes for illiterate and semiliterate camp inmates.