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National Security Archive: Sources on Europe

Review
These materials help students discover that history does not follow a predetermined course, but is the result of decisions, any one of which could drastically alter history’s outcome.
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National Security Archive: Sources on Latin America

Review
The documents on the website provide students the opportunity to construct their own historical interpretations.

NATO Statement on Achieving Stability in Europe

Source

As the Cold War wound down, NATO’s mission underwent a gradual shift from one of insuring the security of member nations through the deterrence of military aggression to one of fostering the integration of Eastern European countries into a new world order. Earlier, in 1967, following a series of statements the previous year from France, West Germany, the US, and the Soviet Union calling for a... Read More »

List of data on crops in Germany, UK, and France.

NBER Macrohistory Database

Review
The NBER Macrohistory Database is one of the best resources and clearinghouses on the internet for economics and economic history, but it requires a little hunting to locate information.

Necker, "Account to the King" (1781)

Source

Unlike the British, where the crown’s finance minister gave an annual report to Parliament, the French royal treasury’s accounts were a closely guarded secret. Yet Louis XVI’s second finance minister, Jacques Necker, a Swiss banker, who claimed to be more attuned to the benefits of public confidence than to palace intrigue at court, thought the crown would be better able to raise funds if it... Read More »

Thumbnail of boy posing with bicycle on a city street

New York Public Library Digital Collections

Review
The NYPL Digital Collection provides access to over 755,000 images digitized from primary sources and printed rarities, including illuminated manuscripts, vintage posters, illustrated books, and printed ephemera.
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New York Times editorial on Mexico, November 21, 1855

Source

The New York Times was founded in 1851. It was an antislavery newspaper before the Civil War, helping to establish the Republican Party in 1854. It covered international as well as national and local affairs. Historians regard the Times as a gauge of American opinion at the time.

A map of the Roman world with cities labeled.

ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World

Review
This is a useful tool for educators to model how the Roman empire operated, as well as what those operations may have looked like in practice.

Parlementary Remonstrance against Reforms of Royal Debts

Source

In 1763, with the Seven Years’ War having gone badly for France and the treasury facing ever greater shortfalls, the crown issued a series of new edicts on fiscal matters, necessary in large measure to pay off the war debts, which would extend the "twentieth" surtax (originally levied in 1750); add a new surtax on the "capitation" or "head tax" on all subjects of the King, including nobles;... Read More »

Parlementary Remonstrance against the Third "Twentieth" Tax

Source

Later in the 1750s, the Parlement turned its attention from religious controversy to royal fiscal policy. With the outbreak of yet another war—the Seven Years’ (or French and Indian) War against Britain—the royal treasury needed even more revenues, and the King proposed adding, for the third time in a decade, a surtax of one–twentieth on all income from property, including normally exempt... Read More »

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