French Constitution, Rights of Man and Citizen


This image of the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen includes a fascinating mix of symbols. By arranging the articles on tablets, the artist clearly meant to associate this document with Moses’ Ten Commandments. Such a link could establish the French revolutionaries’ handiwork as equivalent to that of God. Reinforcing this is the all–seeing eye located at the top of the tableau. However... Read More »

Gallic Declaration of War, or, Bumbardment of all Europe


This scatological English cartoon mocks France’s claim that it was going to war for "liberty," suggesting instead that France’s body politic is ill and that England needs to fight back to defend itself from such sickness. The figures in this drawing represent all the major leaders of Europe, including Louis XVI, Catherine of Russia, William Pitt, King George III of Britain, and the Pope, while... Read More »

General Federation of the French


This image provides a visual overview of the Festival of Federation of 14 July 1790. Commemorating the fall of the Bastille one year earlier this massive military parade of troops from all regions of the kingdom converged on a triple–tiered triumphal arch where all the soldiers swore an oath to serve the king and the National Assembly. The pageant drew nearly a million spectators and... Read More »

Girl who died of Cholera


This is a page from a book containing a colored lithograph (reproduced here in black and white) depicting a girl who died from cholera. The lithograph's caption, “Blue Stage of the Spasmodic Cholera. Sketch of a Girl who died of Cholera, in Sunderland, November, 1831,” coupled with the image itself provides a glimpse into both the scale and horror of the cholera pandemic that gripped the world... Read More »

Global Medieval Sourcebook

A constantly growing depository of medieval texts from 600 to 1600 CE, the GMS—already a valuable resource for medieval historians—will only become more important over time as the digital turn further entrenches itself into the humanities.

Grafitti from the Romanian Streets, December 1989-January 1990


In February 1990, the ethnographer Irina Nicolau and a few friends, printed 250 copies of Ne-a luat valul [On the Crest of the Wave], the first book published in Romania about the 1989 Revolution. Included were 141 pieces of graffiti from December 1989-January 1990. This brochure was produced by Nicolau in 1999, when she served as director of the Museum of the Romanian Peasant established in... Read More »

Image of wall art depicting a cow found in La Grotte de Lascaux

Great Archaeological Sites

The sites are not designed as collections of primary materials (though much primary visual and archaeological data is embedded), but as synopses of particular topics, sites, or excavations. With this in mind, any of these sites would be an excellent place for students to learn the basics of a particular topic.

Great Unsolved Mysteries in Canadian History

Students may begin by focusing on 'solving' the crime itself, but along the way will be drawn into the consideration of wider issues
Image of a sixteenth-century Ottoman carpet showing a portion of the carpet's main design field that contains a triple arch design with slender double columns and a hanging lamp in the central archway

Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

The Metropolitan Museum of Art's Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History is a reference, research, and teaching tool for students and instructors interested in global art history or teaching global history through art.

Hell Broke Loose, or, The Murder of Louis


In this English image, as the King’s head is about to fall into the executioner’s basket, bats out of Hell emerge, symbolizing the Revolution. At the same time, God’s favor seems to fall on Louis through a shaft of light coming from heaven. From the first, some English, especially Edmund Burke, were skeptical, indeed critical of the Revolution, and the numbers grew over time. In addition, the... Read More »