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Cultural Contact in Southern Africa: Letters, Johanna Maria van Riebeeck

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Johanna Maria van Riebeeck (1679-1759) was from an elite family in the Dutch colonial network. She was the granddaughter of Jan van Riebeeck, first Dutch Commander at the Cape, who went on to hold important posts in the Dutch government in Batavia (Indonesia), and the daughter of Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of Batavia. She made three advantageous marriages, and died a very wealthy... Read More »

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Cultural Contact in Southern Africa: Will, Laurens Verbrugge and Beletje Frederikszoon

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Laurens Verbrugge and Beletje Frederikszoon were ordinary people from Holland who settled in Stellenbosch (near Cape Town) and took up farming there. Though not wealthy, they did own slaves and had sufficient property that they felt the need to draw up a will when Beletje became ill. Note the Christian beliefs expressed in the wording of the will.

Laurens was Beletje’s second husband,... Read More »

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Dan Passport Masks

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This small, mask ( 9.5 cm high and 5 cm wide) carved from wood is called a "passport" mask because it was worn on the body, kept in a leather pouch, or sewn onto a piece of cloth to represent group or family affiliation. Passport masks are used by the Dan people, a group of several hundred thousand people in the western part of the Côte d’Ivoire and into Liberia. They live in a forested region... Read More »

Miniature illustration of the Devishirme thumbnail image

Devshirme System

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The devshirme system began in the late 14th century. Christian boys were recruited by force to serve the Ottoman government. The boys were generally taken from the Balkan provinces, converted to Islam, and then passed through a series of examinations to determine their intelligence and capabilities. In special palace schools, they learned Arabic, Persian, Turkish, math, calligraphy,... Read More »

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Digital Archive: International History Declassified

Review
An extensive repository that collects declassified archival records from all over the world, the Wilson Center's Digital Archive: International History Declassified is an essential resource for scholars, educators, and students interested in international history.
Art from the Penn Museum collection called "Ram in the Thicket"

Digital Collections - Penn Museum

Review
The digital collections of the Penn Museum are extensive and easily accessible through their online portal. Its written, visual, and audio sources invite many groups to explore world history by browsing its pieces.
Black and white photograph of one of the great pyramids.

Digital Giza: The Giza Project at Harvard University

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The website itself has 3D reconstructions...a glossary which gives brief descriptions of people and places, terms, and acronyms... [and links to] NEH lesson plans, Egyptology videos, blogs, and other related sources.

Digital Innovation South Africa

Review
Bringing together primary source material from archives, libraries, and universities from across South Africa, DISA provides researchers, teachers, students, and the public with valuable access to a period of history that reshaped not only South Africa but the world as well.
Image of clay figure of a woman with an ill defined face and long arms. It appears to be wearing a skirt.

Diotíma

Review
Diotima holds materials related to teaching Ancient Mediterranean Studies from a feminist perspective, including bibliographies, open access images, as well as syllabi.
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District Commissioner, Narok to Officer in Charge, Masai Reserve

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British colonialism in what became Kenya began officially in 1895 and lasted until 1963, but the Maasai themselves were not effectively under British rule until just before the First World War. This letter is one of a series concerning a riot at Rotian on the Masai Reserve in 1935. The letters were exchanged between Buxton, the District Commissioner at Narok (one of the two districts into... Read More »

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