Browse Methods
Investigate world history approaches to analyzing different kinds of primary sources.
The Prophet Muhammad and A’isha

Analyzing Religious Texts

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. In the video below, historian Sumaiya Hamdani analyzes a Hadith. Hadith are reports about what the Prophet Muhammad said or thought. They provide Muslims with a sense of how Muhammad applied the guidelines of the Koran to daily life.

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A Journal of Captain Cook's Last Voyage to the Pacific Ocean thumbnail image

Analyzing Travel Narratives

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. In the video below, historian Tom Ewing analyzes John Ledyard’s journal of his travels along the North American coast in the late 18th century. Ledyard, born a British subject, became an American citizen after Independence.

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Thumbnail image of Glikl

Analyzing Personal Accounts

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history.. In the video below, historian Merry Wiesner-Hanks analyzes two personal accounts written by women living in northern Germany in the 17th century. The first is a diary written by a Jewish merchant, Glikl of Hameln.

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Gulhane Proclamation thumbnail image

Analyzing Official Documents

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. In the video below, historian Dina Khoury analyzes two official proclamations by the government of the Ottoman Empire.

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People Reading the Gazette thumbnail image

Analyzing Newspapers

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. In the video historian Jack Censer analyzes an 18th-century French newspaper, Le Courrier d’Avignon, and an image of the reading public in France around the same time.

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BaAka Women Dancing the Hunting Dance thumbnail image

Analyzing Music

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. In the video historian Michelle Kisliuk analyzes sources related to female BaAka dancers from the southwestern Central African Republic in the rainforest region dancing a hunting dance called Ndambo.

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Mercator projection

Analyzing Maps

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. In the video historian Gerald Danzer analyzes maps of the world. In the primary sources menu below, you can examine two world maps two maps of the world.

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Thumbnail image of the Hagia Sophia

Analyzing Objects

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. In the video below, historian Lawrence Butler analyzes sources related to the Hagia Sophia, including an image of the cathedral of the Byzantine Empire in Constantinople, (present day Istanbul), and an architectural drawing of the building’s floor plan.

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Thumbnail image of Codex Mendoza

Analyzing Images

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history.

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Analyzing Photographs

The modules in Methods present case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence in world history. Images are depictions. What is not so simple is perceiving an image. We learn to perceive images, that is, to recognize them with understanding, through the filter of cultural experience.

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